South Central CT

Data Story

This story will walk you through who lives here, who works here, about some of their educational experiences, and health outcomes. We also highlight why these data are important and how you can use them.

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South Central region of Connecticut consists of 15 towns.

Who Lives Here?

With almost 513,000 people, South Central region comprises about 14% of total state population.

Population by Age

Population data help us understand the ages and stages of Connecticut residents. When we understand who we are, we can guide and direct services and supports based on need. In South Central region, about 1 in 4 residents are under the age of 20.

  • 118,003 of the region's population, or about 23%, are youth under the age of 20.
  • 39%, or 119,334 residents, are considered "prime working age", that is, adults between 25 and 54 years old.

Population by Race/Ethnicity

  • We combined people of all races who self-identified their Hispanic ethnicity under Hispanic or Latino group, and subtracted the respective counts from all races. This way, we did not double count, and all 6 groups in the chart above sum up to the total regional population.
  • Similarly, none of the races overlap with Two or More Races group.
  • 61% of people living in South Central region are self-identified as White Alone, which is below the state value of 66%.

Share of Young People by Race/Ethnicity

The share of young people (under the age of 20) for each ethnicity varies.

  • 20% of the White population, 28% of Black population, and 37% of Hispanic population are young people.
  • About 49% of residents who belong to two or more races are under the age of 20.

About 34% of the residents under the age of 20 are children of color. The future of the state population will be more diverse than current day.

Children in Poverty

We present only the Connecticut data, because margins of errors for some smaller towns are high. Data is from 2016 - 2020 ACS.

In Connecticut,
  • About 26% of Hispanic children;
  • About 24% of Black children;
  • About 12.25% of children of two or more races;
  • About 9.5% of Asian children, and
  • About 5.5% of White non-Hispanic children live at or below poverty line.

Explore poverty data by town at


of Hispanic children in Connecticut live
at or below poverty line, compared to 5.5% of white non-Hispanic children


Cost-burdened Households

Percent of Households in Each Town


Unemployment rates provide some idea of whether people are actively working. In the South Central region, the unemployment rate is slightly below the state average. This means the share of people working or looking for work is holding steady compared with all of Connecticut. The unemployment rate for the region masks some inequality across towns.

There are 275,039 people that are considered in the labor force. Of those, 257,398 are employed, and 17,641 (≈ 7%) are unemployed.

Single-Parent Families

Households with one parent are at a disadvantage in a few ways when compared with two-parent households. There are fewer earners which means less income to spend on basic needs. There is a greater need for childcare to make sure adults can work and childcare comes at a great cost. Explore single-parent families data on


of families in South Central region are single-parent

With 37,906 single-parent families, South Central region's

rate of single-parent households is as high as that in North Central region, and 5 percentage points above the state average of 26%.

In Bethany and Woodbridge, under 15% of families are single-parent.

Astonia(≈43%), East Haven (≈35%), New Haven(≈52%), and West Haven (38%) have some of the highest rates of single-parent families in the region. In New Haven, the rate is about 52%.


of families in New Haven are single-parent


In , there were

students enrolled in public schools in the South Central region.

The data below are presented as where the student attends school, not necessarily the town where the student lives.

Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity

In the South Central region, it is impossible to determine race/ethnicity of 171 students due to suppressions. Suppression means information was removed by the source to protect identifying individuals. This happens when counts for certain groups are low. When suppressing just one group, one can determine the group's size by subtracting all other groups sizes from the total. Hence, at least two counts need to be suppressed. That means available data do not sum up to the total enrollment counts.

Educational Needs

A need in the school is an indication of need in the community. Concentrations of need put stress on schools and the community and when needs are concentrated other public services may be unaffordable in that community.

Amistad Academy District has the highest percentage of students eligible for subsidized lunches among all school districts in the South Central region.

19% of New Haven and 17% of West Haven School District students are English language learners.

Suspension Rates by Race/Ethnicity

Suspension rates are not presented for Native Americans and students of two or more races, as those numbers are suppressed in the dataset due to low values. In South Central region, Black students have generally higher suspension rates than Hispanic, Asian, or White students.

The Suspension Rate equals the number of students reported with at least one suspension (in-school or out-of-school) or expulsion in ED166 Student Disciplinary Offense Data Collection divided by the unduplicated student enrollment count for the school or district across the October, January and June PSIS Collections for the given school year.

Ideally, suspension rates should be somewhat the same for different races. However, in many school districts the rates are different. Use the dropdown to explore:

Suspension Rates by Race/Ethnicity

Suspension Rates of IEP Students by School District

Use the dropdown below to explore suspension rates of students with individualized education programs in the previous years, by school district:

Chronic Absenteeism Rates by Race

When student miss school, they can struggle to stay on top of their assignments and engaged with school life. When students miss school several days or weeks in a row, their struggle deepens. Sometimes, kids can never quite catch up when they have fully fallen off their school’s radar in terms of attendance. The disparities we see with rates of chronic absenteeism indicate that kids of color are at great risk of falling behind in school.

A student is chronically absent if he/she misses 10% or more of the total number of days enrolled in the school year for any reason. The highest percentage is 60% for Black students in Booker T Washington School District.

Bullying Incidents

In , there were

reported and substantiated bullying incidents in Connecticut. Of these,

occurred in of the South Central region.
Most school districts suppress numbers due to their low values, so the total number of bullying incidents in South Central region could be much higher.

View Bullying data on

Children Under DCF Placement

Disengaged Youth

Disengaged youth are those between 16 and 19 who are not enrolled in school, not employed and/or not in the labor force. This is an indicator about how our youth are doing transitioning into adulthood. These youth are at a higher risk for risky behavior and may have emotional deficits compared to their peers.

4.1% of female youth and 3.5% of male youth are considered disengaged (statewide 4.4% and 5.4%, respectively).





Federally Subsidized Housing in Connecticut

Health-Related Indicators

Teen Birth Rate

  • East Haven has the highest teen birth rate in South Central region. At 16.7 births per 1,000 people, it is much higher than that of the state (8.9 per 1,000 people).

Teen Birth Rate vs Median Household Income

In general, towns with higher median household income tend to have lower teen birth rates, and vice versa.

Infant Mortality

Infant mortality rates vary significantly by race. In South Central region, they are lower than the state average. With 3.91 deaths per 1,000 births, the rate is lowest for White residents. For Hispanic and Latino, the rate is 7.15, for Black — 10.57. Explore data on

A black infant is almost 2.7 times as likely to die as a white infant.

Disparate outcomes by race signal institutional biases. This indicator identifies that a different service model may be required to impact the disparities.

Download CT Department of Public Health's 2015 Annual Registration Reports (the most current publicly available data). For more information on fetal mortality — see Tables 5 & 6 — and for infant mortality see Tables 7 & 8.


In , there were suicides in South Central region (explore data).

Suicide Crude Rate Per 100,000:

2015 Suicides in Connecticut by Race/Ethnicity and Gender

Race/Ethnicity Female Male Total Rate
(Total, per 100,000 people)
  • White Non-Hispanic people are nearly 3 times more likely to commit suicide than Black or Hispanic people.
  • In general, males are nearly 3 times more likely to die of suicide than females.

Substance Use

In , there were

drug-related deaths in South Central region. Of these,

happened to those under 21.

View data on

Treatment Admissions for Mental Health and Substance Use

The data below are from the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, and include admissions to both public and private programs.

In the South Central region, there were 3,206 mental health admissions and 73,114 substance use admissions.

Substance Use Treatment by Drug Type

These data indicate how many people are accessing services but it doesn’t tell who in the community might need services but is not able to get access or is not seeking them out.

About 42% of all admissions were for Alcohol, followed by Heroin with 22%. Marijuana accounted for 14% of admissions.




Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA)

Child abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) is the key federal legislation that guides child protective services programming nationwide. The most recent reauthorization of CAPTA requires hospitals to notify state child welfare agencies when an infant is born prenatally exposed to substances. Family Care Plans are then developed to support access to a broad range of social, medical, developmental and behavioral health services and supports for these vulnerable infants and their families.

For more information, visit:

Child Protection Service Report After CAPTA NOTIFICATION

Child Protection Service Report After CAPTA NOTIFICATION

These data indicate whether a referral was made to Child Protective Services.

Family Care Plans

Family Care Plans

These data show how many families received a Family Care Plan for babies born exposed to substances before birth.

Statewide Map of Resources

Connecticut Department of Children and Families offices and facilities, SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) authorized retailers, substance use care facilities, and WIC authorized food stores and pharmacies.


Family Illustration This data story was developed with support from the CONNECTing Children and Families to Care, a statewide initiative to create a partnership between families, state agencies, and service providers at the local, regional, and state levels. To learn more about this project, watch a short video in English (or in Spanish).

More Data!

Throughout the story, you can use links under visualizations to view relevant datasets. Alternatively, you can visit and search for datasets with town-level data.

Further Reading and Materials

Community Resources

  • developed out of a decade of System of Care improvements, including ongoing training and coaching through Care Coordination and the Child and Family Team Wraparound process. The primary goal of this Learning Collaborative to transform and energize the local Community Collaboratives/ Systems of Care to support workforce development in the Wraparound process and to improve the support and care that youth and families receive.
  • provides information and tools for maintaining or regaining wellness in the areas of emotional wellness, physical wellness, holistic wellness, financial wellness, and recovery from addiction issues.
  • is a one-stop connection to the local services you need, from utility assistance, food, housing, child care, after school programs, elder care, crisis intervention and much more.